Beginner’s Guide to NFTs: What Are Non-Fungible Tokens?

At present, NFTs are all the rage. Digital assets are growing rapidly. Everyone seems to be getting in on the activity, from celebrities to Fortune 500 firms. So, are NFTs the digital art’s future? Or is it just another trend in collectibles? Here’s all you need to know before investing in a non-fungible item.  

Non-fungible tokens are digital assets with unique identification and smart contracts. Each NFT is unique due to this information. As a result, you cannot directly replace one with another token. Furthermore, no two NFTs are alike; so you cannot switch them. On the other hand, Banknotes are exchangeable if they are of equal worth; the possessor will not notice the difference between the one-dollar bill and another. 

However, to know more, let’s roll on to the basics of Non-Fungible and Fungible Tokens:


What are NFTs? Non-fungible items are those that are not directly interchangeable or replaceable. Non-fungible goods, unlike fungible assets like Bitcoin, have a unique and verified identity. We can generate authentic proofs of owning, purchasing, selling, and exchanging digital content. By converting files into NFTs. NFTs are launching in enterprises: digital art, collectibles, gaming skins, digital land, sports, and a variety of other fields. The ramifications are literally limitless.

You can associate the identity of a non-fungible item in various ways. You can check whether it’s the identity of the item, its owner, or its creator. Thus, use them to establish ownership of digital assets such as gaming skins all the way up to tangible goods. Other tokens, like coins and banknotes, are redeemable for cash. Fungible tokens are interchangeable and have the same properties and value.



Bitcoin is a token that is exchangeable for other currencies. Hence, Bitcoin is a fungible token. You can give one Bitcoin to someone, and they can send one back to you. However, the value of Bitcoin may fluctuate during the transaction. Because fungible tokens are divisible, you can transfer or receive smaller amounts of one Bitcoin. 

You may exchange a fungible item 1:1 for another of the same category or description. An excellent example of a fungible asset is currency. Each dollar bill is worth one dollar, whether it’s yours or one you found on the ground. Fungible goods/assets are divisible as well as interchangeable. Thus, you can multiply or divide them without affecting the item’s essence. A dollar is divisible by any number of coins totaling 100 cents and yet represents the same amount of money.

Purpose of NFTs:

Non-fungible Tokens represent digital collectibles such as CryptoKitties, NBA Top Shot, and Sorare. Digital assets need to differentiate from one another to show their value and scarcity. Everything from virtual land parcels to artworks to ownership licenses is now representable using them. NFT has a separate marketplace for buying and selling. OpenSea and Rarible have long dominated the marketplace. While some well-known bitcoin exchanges are tearing apart. Binance established its NFT marketplace in June 2021. Coinbase revealed its own NFT marketplace plans in October 2021. Which has over 1.4 million people joining up for the waitlist in the first 48 hours.

Functioning of NFTs:

Fungible tokens include Bitcoin and Ethereum-based ERC-20 tokens. ERC-721 is Ethereum’s non-fungible token standard, used by platforms like CryptoKitties and Decentraland.

With NFTs tools and support, non-fungible tokens can develop on other smart-contract-enabled blockchains. Ethereum was the first blockchain to enable NFTs. However, the NFTs are growing with blockchains such as Solana, NEO, Tezos, and TRON now supporting them. 

Some of the earliest non-fungible tokens were CryptoKitties collectibles. Each CryptoKitty is a one-of-a-kind blockchain digital kitten. You send someone a CryptoKitty and receive one from someone. Although, the CryptoKitty you receive will be completely different from the one you send. The goal of the game is to collect various digital cats.

Non-fungible tokens with smart contracts enable detailed properties such as the owner’s identity, rich metadata, and secure file links. Using non-fungible tokens to verify digital ownership in a digital environment is a significant step forward.   

Non-fungible coins, their protocols, and smart contract technologies are still developing under the blockchains. Developing individual applications and platforms for non-fungible token management is still a challenge. There’s also the issue of setting a standard. Blockchain development is inconsistent, with numerous people working on their own projects. Thus, consistent standards and compatibility are essential to be successful.

Steps to buying Non-Fungible Tokens

Anyone can buy non-fungible tokens on various NFT exchanges, including OpenSea, Rarible, and SuperRare. Here’s how you can get your hands on some via Rarible:


Step 1: Go to and click the ‘Connect’ icon in the top right corner. Log in using the wallet you want to link to the platform from here. Before you can log in, you must first agree to the terms of service.

Step 2: After you’ve logged in, search the platform for the NFT you want to buy. After choosing the NFT you wish to buy, click the “Buy now” button.

Step 3: A confirmation window will appear, requesting that you double-check the order’s details. To go to the final step, click the “Proceed to payment” button if you’re happy to do so.

Step 4: A notification from your wallet will appear, requesting you to confirm the transaction. If you want to proceed, confirm the transaction, and complete it. You will receive your NFT immediately to your Ethereum address and will be yours to keep after validation.


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